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The area that is now Vermont was originally claimed by a French explorer in 1609. His name was Samuel de Champlain. In 1666, the French created their first settlement, which was called Fort Ste. Anne. It wasn't until 1724 that English settlers came to the area, building Fort Drummer, which was constructed in what is now Brattleboro, Vermont. After the French and Indian Wars, in 1763, the English got control of what is now Vermont.
Vermont is one of the smallest states in the country. While it lies fairly close to the coast, the 17th century coastal residents really didn't travel there very much. It took until 1724 for the first permanent settlement to be established there and the population grew very slowly over the next half century or so. Vermont was the first state to join the United states after the original 13 states. It became the 14th state in the nation on March 4, 1791.
Although most of the eastern seaboard is caught up in various forms of industry, most parts of Vermont are not industrial or densely settled. Much of its economy is based on industrial activities, but it also has a lot of farmland as well. The state is also well known as a great place to vacation at almost any time of year. People who live in urban parts of Canada and the United States often travel to Vermont to get a taste of rural life. See also Vermont History Page for more Details
The 2010 population was 625,741 and the largest cities (2010) are Burlington, 42,417; Essex, 19,587; South Burlington, 17,993; Colchester 17,067; Rutland, 16,495; Bennington 15,764, Brattleboro 12,046; Milton, 10,352; Hartford, 9,952; Springfield, 9,078; Barre, 9,052; Williston, 8,698; Middlebury, 8,496.
The State of Vermont's name comes from the French words for green mountain, "mont vert." Its nickname is " Green Mountain State " The State Motto is " Freedom and Unity ".