Chesterfield County, South Carolina Facts
Chesterfield County was established on 1798 from Cheraws District (was originally formed in 1785, but was part of the Cheraws District until 1800). The county was named in honor of Philip Dormer Stanhope, 4th Earl of Chesterfield, an Enlightenment-era scholar, government official, and member of the British House of Lords.
The Chesterfield County Seat is situated in Chesterfield plus the county government website is www.chesterfieldcountysc.com/
Areas adjacent to Chesterfield County are Anson County, NC (north), Richmond County, NC (northeast), Marlboro County (east), Darlington County (southeast), Kershaw County (southwest), Lancaster County (west), Union County, NC (northwest).
Cities and towns to be found in Chesterfield county include Cheraw, Chesterfield, Jefferson, McBee, Mount Croghan, Pageland, Patrick, Ruby.
Chesterfield County does have Federal Census Schedules to aid in finding out about your family tree. Federal Population Schedules are available for 1790, 1800, 1810, 1820, 1830, 1840, 1850, 1860, 1870, 1880 (free index), 1890 (fragment), 1900, 1910, 1920, 1930, 1940. Chesterfield Co. Slave Schedules can be acquired for 1850 & 1860. Chesterfield Co. Mortality Schedules can be obtained for 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880. Chesterfield Co. Industry and Agriculture Schedules can be obtained for 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880. Chesterfield Co. Union Veterans Schedules can be acquired for 1890. One can find free downloadable not to mention printable census forms to help you with your research.
Chesterfield County Society and Family History Resources
A list of Chesterfield County Historical and Genealogical Societies, Forums, Message Boards, Libraries, Archives.
- South Carolina State Genealogy Network (facebook.com)
- South Carolina Genealogical Society Chesterfield District Chapter, Post Office Box 167, Chesterfield, South Carolina 29709 ; (843) 623-2244
- Historical Society of Chesterfield County, PO Box 291, Chesterfield, SC 29709
- Chesterfield County Historic Preservation Commission, 230 Third Street, Cheraw, SC 29520; (843) 537-3387; (843) 623-2984
- Historic Cheraw Inc, 230 Third Street, Cheraw, SC 29520
- Chesterfield County, South Carolina Message Boards (boards.ancestry.com) read and post messages about your ancestors in Chesterfield County
- Chesterfield County, South Carolina Genealogy Forum (genforum.genealogy.com) read and post messages with other genealogy researchers for Chesterfield County
- USGenWeb Archives for Chesterfield County (usgwarchives.net)
Chesterfield County Courthouse and Government Records
Genealogist frequently fail to notice the significance of Chesterfield County court, probate, and land records data as a resource of genealogy and family history information. Buried away in South Carolina courthouses and archives just about everywhere could be the desires and worries of the many South Carolina men and women. The chances are very good that your particular ancestors have left a detailed document of at least several aspects of their lives in the Chesterfield County court records. Even if your forebears is not discussed in a Court case, give some thought to all of the other methods that could have lead to her or him to appear in court records.
I highly recommend you call the clerk's office to affirm hours, mailing address, fees and other specifics just before visiting or seeking information because of in some cases changing contact details. The Department Offices DO NOT DO RESEARCH. The files are accessible to interested parties, barring confidential issues. The majority of employees will aid persons in locating the resources, however it is up to the particular person to complete the basic research.
The below details shows what birth, marriage, death, property, probate, and legal records are typically in Chesterfield county. The dates suggested below are the first recognized records data with this county. During the Civil War, Chesterfield's courthouse records were evacuated to Columbia, South Carolina where they were destroyed by fire during Sherman's Union army occupation of that city in February 1865. Deed books have suffered heavy losses.
- Chesterfield County Courthouse (all departments listed below are located here, unless otherwise noted)
- Address: 200 West Main Street, Chesterfield, SC 29709
- Chesterfield County Clerk of Probate Court has original jurisdiction over actions concerning the issuance of marriage licenses, the estate of a deceased person, the will of an individual, the estate of a minor or incapacitated person, trusts, and involuntary commitments.
- Phone: 843-623-2376
- Marriage Records: 1911
- Probate Records: 1865
- Chesterfield County Clerk of Court / Register of Deeds is divided into General Sessions (Criminal) and Common Pleas (Civil) Court. The Circuit Court is a formal court of record. The Clerk of Court is also responsible for Family Court which handles juvenile and domestic cases. Also records and maintain deeds, mortgages, plats, state and federal tax liens, mechanics liens, uniform commercial code filings, and other miscellaneous documents pertaining to real estate transactions.
- Phone: 843-623-2574
- Land Records: 1861
- Court Records: 1823
- Divorce Records:since April 1949
- Chesterfield County Tax Assessor / Collector is responsible for the collection of taxes. Our office does not calculate a property’s taxable value (Assessor’s Office).
- Chesterfield County Health Department has birth and death records from January 01, 1915. Marriage records prior to 1950 are available from the Probate Court office. Divorce records since April 1949 are available from the County Clerk's office. Birth, marriage, and death records are connected with central life events.
- Address: 203 North Page Street, Chesterfield, SC 29709
- Phone: (843) 623-2117
- Birth Records / Death Records: 1915 (There were no South Carolina birth or Death "certificates" before January 01, 1915)
- Ordering Vital Records - You can also order Order Electronically Online or You can download an application for South Carolina Birth and Death Certificate, Marriage and Divorce Certificate Application to mail.
- South Carolina Department of Health has copies of birth records after 1913 and death records after 1930, copies of marriage since Jan 1962 and a Divorce records since 1958. There is a fee for each copy requested.
Chesterfield County Links
The following are web links to Genealogy, Records and Resources related to Chesterfield County. These genealogy links fall into 3 categories: Business oriented Sites, Private Sites or Organization Sites. Some have free access some have to have a payment. This is just a directory that has been collected or submitted. I do not endorse or promote one genealogy site above another. Feel free to furnish your own most liked Chesterfield County genealogy or family history affiliated sites.
Chesterfield Co. SC Books, Newspapers & Publications
Chesterfield Co. SC Birth, Marriage & Death Records
Chesterfield Co. SC Court, Probate Land and Tax Records
Chesterfield Co. SC Census Records
Chesterfield Co. SC Cemeteries & Graveyards
Chesterfield Co. SC Church & Bible Records
Chesterfield Co. SC Family Websites, Pictures & Histories
- South Carolina Family Group Sheet Project (fgs-project.com)
- Rev Aaron Weaver Knight Journal - Begun by Rev. Aaron Weaver Knight (1810 - 8 Jul 1888) and ended by his son, Rev. Sidney Thomas Knight (1 Dec 1846 - 28 Aug 1921). The citizens herein lived in the general area of Jefferson and Angelus communities in Chesterfield Co., SC. Some were of Kershaw Co. and possibly Lancaster Co, SC because the three borders were so close. Included are interesting environmental and catastrophic events.
- Nichols and Related Families (mynicholsfamily.com)
Chesterfield Co. SC General and History Websites
Chesterfield Co. SC Immigration & Naturalization
Chesterfield Co. SC Maps, Atlases & Gazetteers
Chesterfield Co. SC Military Records
Chesterfield Co. SC Schools & Directories