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South Carolina is one of the first states to join the Union. In fact, in 1788 it became the eighth state to ratify the U.S. Constitution. It's governmental seat was originally Charleston, but Columbia became the new governmental seat in 1790.
The first attempts at colonization of what is now South Carolina started in 1526. At that time, Lucas Vasquez de Ayllon came to the area from Hispaniola with 500 colonists aboard his 6 ships. Of those colonists, only about 150 survived and later went back to Hispaniola. Later, in 1562, a group of Huguenots came to the area. They were led by Jean Ribault. They founded Charlesfort and also named Port Royal. Jean Ribault went back to France to get supplies and his men mutinied. They constructed their own ship and used it to sail back to France. After 1570, there were no major attempts at settling South Carolina for almost 100 years. See also South Carolina History Page for more Details
The States 2010 population was 4,679,230 and the largest cities (2010) are Columbia (Capital), 129,272; Charleston , 120,083; North Charleston, 97,471; Rock Hill, 66,154; ; Greenville, 58,409; Sumter, 40,524; Florence 37,056, Spartanburg, 37,013; Goose Creek, 35,938; Aiken, 29,524.
The State of South Carolina was was named to honor King Charles I (Carolus is Latin for Charles) . The State nickname is " Palmetto State ". The State Motto is " Dum Spiro Spero " which means While I breathe, I hope .