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Francisco Vásquez de Coronado first explored the region for Spain in 1541. The U.S. acquired most of Oklahoma in 1803 in the Louisiana Purchase from France; the Western Panhandle region became U.S. territory with the annexation of Texas in 1845.
Set aside as Indian Territory in 1834, the region was divided into Indian Territory and Oklahoma Territory on May 2, 1890. The two were combined to make a new state, Oklahoma, on Nov. 16, 1907.
On April 22, 1889, the first day homesteading was permitted, 50,000 people swarmed into the area. Those who tried to beat the noon starting gun were called “Sooners,” hence the state's nickname. See also Oklahoma History Page for more Details
The State of Oklahoma was organized as Indian Territory in 1834, the region was divided into Indian Territory and Oklahoma Territory on May 2, 1890. It entered the union as the 46th state on November 16, 1907. It currently has 77 Counties. capital is Oklahoma City and the official state website is www.ok.gov/.
The State of Oklahoma is bordered by Arkansas (west), Colorado (northwest), Kansas, Missouri (northeast), New Mexico (northwest), Texas (west, south). It has a land area of 69,903 square miles making it the 20th largest state.
The state's 2010 population was 3,751,351 . The largest cities (2010) are Oklahoma City (Capital), 579,999; Tulsa, 391,906; Norman, 110,925; Lawton, 96,867; Broken Arrow, 98,850; Edmond , 81,405; Moore, 55,081; Midwest City, 54,371; Enid, 49,379; Stillwater, 45,688.
The State of Oklahoma's name is from the Choctaw Indian words "okla" meaning people and "humma" meaning red. The state nickname is " Sooner State " which references the first day homesteading was permitted (April 22, 1889), 50,000 people swarmed into the area. Those who tried to beat the noon starting gun were called “Sooners,” hence the state's nickname and the state Motto is " Labor omnia vincit " which means Labor Conquers All Things.