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The first French explorer to explore the area that is now Ohio came to the area in 1669. He was Robert Cavelier, Sieur de la Salle. When the French and Indian Wars ended, Ohio became the property of Great Britain. The United States didn't acquire Ohio until 1783, when the Revolutionary War came to an end. In 1788 Marietta was established as the first white settlement in the area. It became the Northwest Territory's capital.
There were many conflicts between Native Americans and white settlers in Ohio in the 1790s. In 1794 a battle took place at Fallen Timbers. Major General Anthony Wayne won that battle. Then, on September 10, 1813, the Battle of Lake Erie was won by Commodore Oliver H. Perry, who was victorious against the British. See also Ohio History Page for more Details
The State of Ohio is bordered by Pennsylvania (east), West Virginia (southeast), Kentucky (southwest), Indiana (west), Michigan. It has a land area of 44,828 square miles making it the 34th largest state.
Ohio's 2010 population was 11,536,504 and the largest cities (2010) are Columbus, 787,033; Cleveland, 396,8158; Cincinnati, 296,943; Toledo, 287,208; Akron, 199,110; Dayton, 141,527; Parma, 81,601; Youngstown, 66,982; Canton, 73,007; Lorain, 64,097.
The State of Ohio name comes from the Iroquois Indian word meaning "good river" or "large river." Ohio's state nickname is " Buckeye State ". The State Motto is "United we stand, divided we fall".