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The 1848 Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo ceded Nevada to the United States. However, it was considered to be part of California for two years after that. Then, in 1850, it became part of Utah Territory. The Mormon Station settlement was established in 1849 in Carson Valley. Mormon Station later became Genoa. However, it wasn't until the Comstock Lode was discovered in 1859 that more people really began to settle in what is now Nevada.
Up until that time, Nevada was nothing more than a stopping point for travelers on the way to seek gold in California. Nevada's Virginia City mining camp became quite famous and, as settlers and prospectors came to the area, it was eventually organized into Nevada Territory. That occurred in 1861. See also Nevada History Page for more Details
The State of Nevada organized as territory on March 2, 1861 and entered the union as the 36th state on Oct. 31, 1864. It has 16 Counties and 1 Independent City. The capital is Carson City and the official state website is www.nv.gov.
The State of Nevada is bordered by Arizona (southeast), California (west), Idaho, Oregon, Utah (east). It has a land area of 110,567 square miles making it the 7th largest state.The 2010 population was 2,700,551 and the largest cities (2010) are largest cities (2010) are Las Vegas, 583,756; Henderson , 257,729; Reno, 225,221; Paradise, 225,167; North Las Vegas, 216,961; Sunrise Manor 189,372; Spring Valley, 178,395; Enterprise 108,481; Sparks, 90,264 ; Carson City (Capital), 55,274.
The State of Nevada's name comes from the Spanish Nevada, meaning "snow-covered", after the Sierra Nevada ("snow-covered mountains") mountain range.The nickname is " Silver State " or "Sagebrush State". The State Motto is " All for Our Country ".