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Towards the end of the 17th century French fur traders came to Nebraska for the first time. Eastern Nebraska was part of the 1803 Louisiana Purchase. It was explored from 1804 to 1806 by Lewis and Clark. Then, from 1812 to 1813, the Oregon Trail was blazed across the region by Robert Stuart. However, it wasn't until 1823 that the first permanent settlement was created by white settlers at Bellevue.
In 1848, after the Mexican War, a treaty was signed giving the western part of Nebraska to the United States. In 1865, Omaha became the site of the Union Pacific's transcontinental railroad project. As of 1937, Nebraska was the only state that , had a one-house legislature. It's members were and still are elected without any division of parties.
The State of Nebraska was organized as territory on May 30, 1854 and entered the union as the 37th state on March 1, 1867. It has 93 Counties. The capital is Lincoln and the official state website is www.nebraska.gov.
The State of Nebraska isbordered by Colorado (southwest), Iowa (east) , Kansas (south), Missouri (southeast), South Dakota, Wyoming (west). It has a land area of 77,354 square miles making it the 16th largest state.
Nebraska's 2010 population was 1,826,341 and the largest cities (2010) are Omaha, 408,958; Lincoln (Capital), 258,379; Bellevue, 50,137; Grand Island, 48,520; Kearney, 30,787; Fremont, 26,397; Hastings, 24,907; North Platte, 24,733; Norfolk, 24,210; Columbus, 22,111.
The State of Nebraska's name is from an Oto Indian word that means "flat water" (referring to the Platte River, which means "flat river" in French). The state nickname is " Cornhusker State" or " The Tree Planters' State" . The State Motto is " Equality before the law ".