Callaway County, Missouri Facts
Callaway County was created on November 25, 1820 from Boone County, Howard County and Montgomery County (effective January 1, 1821). The county was named in honor of James Callaway (1783-1815), soldier during the War of 1812 and grandson of Daniel Boone.
The Callaway County Seat is situated in Fulton and in addition the county government website is callaway.dbrl.org/
Areas surrounding Callaway County include Audrain County (north), Montgomery County (east), Osage County (south), Cole County (southwest), Boone County (west).
Cities and towns to be found in Callaway County include Auxvasse, Cedar City, Fulton, Holts Summit, Jefferson City, Kingdom City, Lake Mykee Town, Mokane, New Bloomfield, Portland, Tebbetts, Williamsburg. Callaway County is divided into 18 townships.
Callaway County has Federal Census Schedules to help in researching your family tree. Government Population Schedules are present for 1820 (missing), 1830, 1840, 1850, 1860, 1870, 1880 (free index), 1890 (fragment), 1900, 1910, 1920, 1930, 1940. Callaway Co. Slave Schedules is available for 1850 & 1860. Callaway Co. Mortality Schedules can be found for 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880. Callaway Co. Industry and Agriculture can be found for 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880. Callaway Co. Union Veterans Schedules can be acquired for 1890. There are free down-loadable and printable census forms to help you with your research.
Callaway County Societies and Family History Resources
A list of Callaway County Historical and Genealogical Societies, Forums, Message Boards, Libraries, Archives.
- Missouri State Genealogy Network (facebook.com)
- Kingdom of Callaway Historical Society, P.O. Box 6073, 513 Court Street, Fulton, MO 65251; Phone: (573) 642-0570
- Winston Churchill Memorial and Library, Westminster College, 501 Westminster Avenue, Fulton, MO 65251-1299, Phone: (573) 592-5369
- Genealogical Society of Central Missouri, P.O. Box 26 3801 Ponderosa , Columbia, MO 65205; Phone: (573) 443-8936
- New Bloomfield Area Historical Society, 313 Oak Street, Post Office Box 132, New Bloomfield, MO 65063; (573)-491-0180
- Callaway County Civil War Heritage
- Mid-Missouri Genealogical Society, P.O. Box 715, Jefferson City, MO 65102
- Callaway County, Missouri Message Boards (boards.ancestry.com) read and post messages about your ancestors in Callaway County
- Callaway County, Missouri Genealogy Forum (genforum.genealogy.com) read and post messages with other genealogy researchers for Callaway County
- USGenWeb Archives for Callaway County
Callaway County Courthouse and Government Records
Researchers frequently forget about the value of Callaway County court, probate, and land files as a source of family history and genealogy information. Buried away in Missouri courthouses and archives just about everywhere could be the ambitions and worries of many Missouri residents.
The odds are great that your potential ancestors have left a comprehensive record of at least a number of aspects of their lives in the Callaway County court records. Even if your forefathers is not brought up in a Court case, take into consideration all of the other procedures which often can have lead to her or him showing up in court records.
You need to call the clerk's dept to validate hours, mailing address, fees and other facts before visiting or looking for information because of in some cases changing contact details. The Department Offices DO NOT DO RESEARCH. The data files are accessible to interested parties, barring private issues. A lot of staff will guide men and women in locating the resources, but it's up to the particular person to complete the research.
The following indicates what vital, land, probate, and court records are in Callaway county. The dates indicated below are the first known records for this county which may include records of land, estates, taxes, vital records, divorces, naturalizations, court records, and so forth.
- Callaway County Courthouse (all departments listed below are located here, unless otherwise noted)
- Address: 10 East 5th St., Fulton, MO 65251
- Callaway County Recorder of Deeds is the place where all transactions having to do with land are recorded and kept on file. They take marriage license applications, issues marriage licenses, files the license after the marriage, and maintains a permanent record of the marriage, surveys and plats of subdivisions, Armed Forces discharge papers for all veterans who reside in the county. Some naturalization records have been found with the deeds.
- Phone: 573-642-0787
- Marriage Records: 1821 (including Index to marriage records, 1821-1941; Marriage records, 1821-1917; Negro/colored marriage records, 1865-1915)
- Land Records: 1821 (including Index to deeds, 1821-1900; Deed records, 1821- 1911; Sheriff’s deeds, 1884-1904)
- Callaway County Circuit Court Clerk / Probate Court Clerk has the direct index to records such as divorces, adoptions, judgment, and tax fee books including direct and indirect indexes. They also retain the index to criminal records and criminal files of the circuit court. Adoptions are under the jurisdiction of the circuit court. Naturalization records, including petitions, declarations of intention, certificates, and certificates of allegiance, and granting of citizenship are also located in the clerk's office, as well as an index to civil case files. The County Probate Division has jurisdiction over the estates of deceased persons. The Division hears all litigation involving trusts, including those trusts established in wills. (In the smaller counties, probate matters are handled in the same office as the associate circuit court office)
- Phone: 573-642-0780
- Probate Records: 1821 (including Index to probate records, 1821-1938; Probate records, 1821-1886; Administrator’s/executor’s letters, bonds and records, 1865-1918; Inventories, appraisements and sale bills, 1873-1917; Settlement records, 1863-1916; Guardian’s/curator’s records, 1821-1930; Will records, 1821-1919)
- Court & Divorce Records: 1821 (including )
- Callaway County Clerk of the Court has indexes to common pleas, records of all extant proceedings, chancery minute books, records of births and deaths, county court records, right-of-way and road records, as well as surveyor's records (including field notes and plats made by the county surveyor). This office usually holds the county treasurer's notes, bonds and commissions, records of marks and brands, wolf scalps, stray notices, real estate assessments, and tax books. In some counties, early terms for this court included “Chancery” or the “Court of Common Pleas.”
- Phone: 573.642.0730
- Birth & Death Records: 1883-88 (including State census, 1844 and 1876; Land owners list, 1840-1845; Assessment records, 1830)
- Callaway County Tax Assessor Office is responsible for appraising and assessing real estate property and person property for the purpose of taxation as well as transferring ownership of real estate, and keeping real estate maps up to date.
- Missouri Office of Vital Records has copies of birth and death records reported from January 1, 1910. There is a fee for each copy requested. Please refer to the information to the Statewide Vital Records in Missouri for current fees and application process. Birth, marriage, and death records are connected with central life events.
Callaway County Links
The following are links to Family history and genealogy, Records and Resources associated to Callaway County. A majority of these genealogy links fall into 3 categories: Business Sites, Private Sites or Organization Sites. Some have free access some have to have a payment. This is just a directory which has been gathered or submitted. I do not endorse or promote one genealogy site above another. Feel free to present your own most liked Callaway County genealogy or family history related sites.
Callaway Co. MO Maps, Atlases & Gazetteers
Callaway Co. MO Books, Newspapers & Publications
Callaway Co. MO Birth, Marriage & Death Records
Callaway Co. MO Court, Probate Land and Tax Records
Callaway Co. MO Census Records
Callaway Co. MO Cemeteries & Graveyards
Callaway Co. MO Church & Bible Records
Callaway Co. MO Family Websites, Pictures & Histories
Callaway Co. MO General and History Websites
Callaway Co. MO Military Records
Callaway Co. MO Schools & Directories