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Ever since the Pilgrims came to the area, Massachusetts has been an integral part of the history of the United States. They came to Massachusetts in 1620, trying to escape religious oppression in Britain. The Boston Tea Party, which was a protest against taxation, took place in the state in 1773. Then, on April 19, 1775, the battle of Lexington and Concord took place in Massachusetts, starting the American Revolution. See also Massachusetts History Page for more Details
The state of Massachusetts is bordered by Connecticut (south), New Hampshire, New York (west), Rhode Island (south), Vermont. It has a land area of 10,555 square miles making it the 44th largest state.
The largest cities (2010) are Boston, 617,594; Worcester, 181,045; Springfield, 153,060; Lowell, 106,519; Cambridge, 105,162; New Bedford, 95,072; Brockton, 93,180; Quincy, 92,271; Lynn, 90,329; Fall River, 88,857.
The state of Massachusetts was named for an Algonquian Indian word that means "a big hill place." Early settlers from Europe provided the state with nicknames, including the Pilgrim State and the Puritan State. The State Motto is "Ense petit placidam sub libertate quietem" which translates to By the sword we seek peace, but peace only under liberty.