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The Maryland colony was founded in 1634 and was named for the wife of English King Charles I, Queen Henrietta Maria. Colonial Maryland attracted many settlers and, as its economy prospered, so did its social, political, and cultural life. During the late 18th and early 19th centuries, Maryland and its residents were involved in many of the events relating to the attainment of independence by the United States and to the early struggles of the young republic.
During the Civil War (1861-1865), Maryland, a border state, became part of the great battleground between North and South, but the state itself stayed within the Union. During the first half of the 20th century the economic development of Maryland was marked by a shift in emphasis from farming to manufacturing. The state is now primarily an industrial state. Despite this shift, agriculture is still carried on throughout most of the state. See also Maryland History Page for more Details
The State of Maryland is bordered by Delaware (east), Pennsylvania, Virginia (southwest), West Virginia (west) and Washington, District of Columbia. It has a land area of 12,407 square miles making it the 42nd largest state.
The 2010 population was 5,773,552 and the largest cities (2010) are Baltimore, 620,961; Frederick, 65,239; Rockville, 61,209; Gaithersburg, 59,933; Bowie, 54,727; Hagerstown, 39,662; Annapolis, 38,394; College Park, 30,413; Salisbury, 30,343; Greenbelt, 23,068.
The State of Maryland was named to honor the Queen consort Henrietta Maria (1609-1669), the wife of Britain's King Charles I. Maryland has no official nickname. However, the most commonly accepted name, and also one of the oldest, is the Old Line State. This nickname honors the memory of Maryland’s regiments of the line, which fought with distinction in the American Revolution (1775-1783). The State Motto is "Fatti Maschii, Parole Femine" Manly Deeds, Womanly Words.