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Maine was settled by a few small groups back in 1626. However, it wasn't until 1639 that the land between Piscataqua and Sagadahock was chartered to sir Ferdinand Gorges. That is when the Province of Maine was born. The people of Maine requested to be under the jurisdiction of Massachusetts and they got their wish in 1652. Congress declared the district to be an independent state on March 16, 1820. There were many acts of cruelty and major problems in the early days of Maine's history.
Before statehood, Maine was officially part of the state of Massachusetts and was called the District of Maine. Maine was granted statehood on March 15, 1820 as part of the Missouri Compromise. Nine of the sixteen counties had their borders defined while Maine was still part of Massachusetts, and hence are older than the state itself. See also Maine History Page for more Details
The State of Maine is bordered by New Hampshire (west) and Canada. It has a land area of 35,387 square miles making it the 39th largest state. The 2010 population was 1,328,361 and the largest cities (2010) are Portland, 66,194; Lewiston, 36,592; Bangor, 33,039; South Portland, 25,002; Auburn, 23,055; Biddeford, 21,277; Sanford, 20,792; Brunswick, 20,278; Augusta, 19,136; Scarborough, 18,919.
The State of Maine's name came from the Algonquian-speaking peoples inhabiting the region called it “Land of the Frozen Ground,” and there are two theories of the derivation of the state’s English name: that it was named for the former French province of Maine and that it was so named for being the “mainland,” as opposed to the coastal islands. The State Nickname is " Pine Tree State ". The State Motto is "Dirigo" which means I direct .