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The Allegheny Mountains kept settlers from moving west for a time, but they eventually did pass through those mountains and establish the first settlements to the west of them, which were in Kentucky. In 1774 Harrodsburg, the first permanent settlement in Kentucky, was founded by James Harrod. Daniel Boone explored the region in 1767 and then founded Boonesboro in 1775, after cutting a trail through Cumberland Gap, when was known as the Wilderness Trail.
Originally, Kentucky was considered to be part of Virginia. However, in 1792, it became a state of its own. In 1794 General Anthony Wayne was victorious against Native Americans in Ohio, at Fallen Timbers. That ended conflicts in the region with Native Americans and made the Kentucky frontier safe for settlers. See also Kentucky History Page for more Details
The State of Kentucky was organized as territory on May 7, 1800 and entered the union as the 15th state on June 1, 1792. It has 120 Counties. The capital is Frankfort and the official state government website is www.kentucky.gov.
The State of Kentucky is bordered by Illinois (northwest), Indiana, Missouri (west), Ohio (northeast), Tennessee (south), Virginia (east), and West Virginia (east). It has a land area of 40,409 square miles making it the 37th largest state.
The 2012 est population was 4,380,415 and the largest cities (2010) are Louisville, 1 566,503; Lexington-Fayette,2 295,803; Bowling Green, 58,067; Owensboro, 57,265; Covington, 40,640; Hopkinsville, 31,577; Richmond, 31,364; Florence, 29,951; Georgetown, 29,098 Henderson, 28,757.
The State of Kentucky meaning is disputed, its from the Iroquois Indian word "Ken-tah-ten," which means "land of tomorrow", but some historians believe it means “meadowland. The State Nickname is "The Bluegrass State", which is derived from the famed bluegrass grown in pastures in central Kentucky. The State Motto is "United we stand, divided we fall".