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First explored for France by Robert Cavelier, Sieur de la Salle, in 1679–1680, the region figured importantly in the Franco-British struggle for North America that culminated with British victory in 1763. George Rogers Clark led American forces against the British in the area during the Revolutionary War and, prior to becoming a state, Indiana was the scene of frequent Indian uprisings until the victories of Gen. Anthony Wayne at Fallen Timbers in 1794 and Gen. William Henry Harrison at Tippecanoe in 1811. See also Indiana History Page for more Details
The State of Indiana was organized as territory on May 7, 1800 and entered the union as the 19th state on Dec. 11, 1816. It has 92 Counties. The capital is Indianapolis and the official state website is http://www.in.gov/.
The State of Indiana is bordered by Michigan, Illinois (west), Ohio (east) and Kentucky (south). It has a land area of 36,420 square miles making it the 38th largest state. The 2010 population was 6,483,802. and the largest cities (2010) are Indianapolis, 820,445; Fort Wayne, 253,691; Evansville, 117,429; South Bend, 101,168; Hammond, 80,830; Bloomington, 80,405; Gary, 80,294; Carmel, 79,191; Fishers, 76,794; Muncie, 70,085.
The State of Indiana name is probably derived from a word that refers to the local Indians. The State Nickname is " Hoosier State ". The State Motto is " The Crossroads of America ".