Effingham County, Georgia Facts
Effingham County was created on February 5, 1777 from St Mathew and St Philip Parishes. (portions of Effingham County was used to create Screven (1793) and Burke (1793). Land from Effingham County also was used to enlarge Bryan County (1794) and Chatham County (1850) ). The county was named in honor of Thomas Howard, the Third Earl of Effingham (1746-1791), who was sympathetic with the independence movement.
The Effingham County Seat is located in Springfield and in the current county government website is www.effinghamcounty.org/.
Counties adjacent to Effingham County are Hampton County, SC (north), Jasper County, SC (northeast), Chatham County (south), Bryan County (south), Bulloch County (west), Screven County (northwest).
Effingham County has Federal Census Schedules to assist in looking into your Family Tree. Federal Population Schedules can be found for 1790 (missing), 1800 (missing), 1810, 1820, 1830, 1840, 1850, 1860, 1870, 1880 (free index), 1890 (fragment), 1900, 1910, 1920, 1930, 1940.
Effingham County Slave Schedules can be obtained for 1850 & 1860. Effingham County Mortality Schedules can be found for 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880. Effingham County Industry and Agriculture Schedules can be obtained for 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880. Effingham County Union Veterans Schedules can be obtained for 1890.
You can find free down-loadable and also printable census forms that can help with your research.
Effingham County Archives, Societies and Family History Resources
A list of Effingham County Historical and Genealogical Societies, Forums, Message Boards, Libraries, Archives. See Also Georgia Archives, Genealogical and Historical Societies for statewide Addresses and links.
Effingham County Courthouse and Government Records
Researchers frequently overlook the importance of Effingham County court, probate, and land records as a useful resource of genealogy and family history.
The chances are great that your ancestors and forefathers have left a comprehensive record of at least some aspects of their lives in the Effingham County court records. Even if your ancestors is not mentioned in a Court case, consider all of the other methods which often can have lead to him or her appearing in court records.
I highly recommend you speak to the clerk's department to validate hours, mailing address, fees and other specifics prior to visiting or asking for information because of sometimes changing contact information. The Department Offices DO NOT DO RESEARCH. The files are readily available to interested parties, barring confidential issues. Many employees will guide men and women in obtaining the resources, however it's up to the person to do the basic research.
The following county facts denotes the earliest date and what birth, marriage, death, land, wills, and legal records will be in Effingham County.
- Effingham County Courthouse (all departments listed below are located here, unless otherwise noted)
- Effingham County Clerk of Superior Court has jurisdiction over cases for title to land and equity, felony cases, adoptions, divorces, , child support and custody enforcement. The clerk also is tasked with recording deeds and maintaining the chain of title to all property in the county.
- Address: 700 N. Pine Street, Suite 110, Springfield, Ga. 31329
- Phone: 912.754.2118
- Land Records: 1786
- Court Records: 1791
- Effingham County Clerk of Probate Court responsibilities include legal proceedings forh Wills, Estates, Guardianships of minor children, Involuntary Committals Hearings, Issuance of Marriage License, ect.. The county probate judge's office is the office where the most valuable genealogical records are created and maintained in the state of Georgia.
- Address: 700 N. Pine Street, Suite 146, Springfield, GA 31329
- Phone: (912) 754-2112
- Marriage Records: 1791
- Probate Records: 1796
- Georgia Department of Health has copies for copies of birth and death records since Jan 1919, copies of marriage since June 9, 1952 to 1996 and a Divorce records index since June 9, 1952. There is a fee for each copy requested. Please refer to the information to the Statewide Vital Records in Georgia for current fees and application process.
Effingham County Genealogy Links
The following links to Genealogy Resources associated to Effingham County. These links fall into 3 categories: Business Sites, Personal Sites or Organization Sites. Some have free access some have to have a cost. This is basically a list that has been gathered or submitted. I do not recommend or promote one genealogy site above another. Feel free to submit your own most liked Effingham County genealogy or family history related sites.
Facts for Effingham Co. GA Books, Newspapers & Publications
Facts for Effingham Co. GA Birth, Marriage & Death Records
Facts for Effingham Co. GA Court, Probate Land and Tax Records
- See Also Georgia Court & Tax, Land and Probate Records
- Order County Court, Civil or Criminal Records Online
- Ebenezer record book (search.ancestry.com)
- Ebenezer Record Book, 1754-1781 (search.ancestry.com)
- Land Lotteries - Lands were given to Georgia citizens by lotteries from in 1805, 1807, 1820, 1821, 1827, 1832, 1832 (Gold), 1833.
- County Tax Digests (state.ga.us)
- Wills & Estate Records (usgwarchives.net)
- County Records Microfilm Index (state.ga.us)
- Inventory of the county archives of Georgia. (search.ancestry.com)
- Land & Deed Records (usgwarchives.net)
- BLM Land Records (glorecords.blm.gov)
Facts for Effingham Co. GA Census Records
Facts for Effingham Co. GA Cemeteries & Church Records
Facts for Effingham Co. GA Family Websites, Pictures & Histories
Facts for Effingham Co. GA General and History Websites
Facts for Effingham Co. GA Maps, Atlases & Gazetteers
Facts for Effingham Co. GA Military Records