Columbia County, Georgia Facts
Columbia County was created on December 10, 1790 from Richmond County. The county was named in honor of Christopher Columbus (1446 - 1506), explorer.
The Columbia County Seat is located in Appling and in the current county government website is www.columbiacountyga.gov/.
Counties adjacent to Columbia County are Richmond County, McDuffie County (west), Lincoln County (northwest), McCormick County, SC (north), Edgefield County, SC (northeast).
Columbia County has Federal Census Schedules to assist in looking into your Family Tree. Federal Population Schedules can be found for 1790 (missing), 1800 (missing), 1810, 1820, 1830, 1840, 1850, 1860, 1870, 1880 (free index), 1890 (fragment), 1900, 1910, 1920, 1930, 1940.
Columbia County Slave Schedules can be obtained for 1850 & 1860. Columbia County Mortality Schedules can be found for 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880. Columbia County Industry and Agriculture Schedules can be obtained for 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880. Columbia County Union Veterans Schedules can be obtained for 1890.
You can find free down-loadable and also printable census forms that can help with your research.
Columbia County Archives, Societies and Family History Resources
A list of Columbia County Historical and Genealogical Societies, Forums, Message Boards, Libraries, Archives. See Also Georgia Archives, Genealogical and Historical Societies for statewide Addresses and links.
- Georgia State Genealogy Network (facebook.com)
- East Georgia Genealogical Society,P.O. Box 117, Winder, GA 30680
- Georgia Civil War Heritage Trails, PO Box 1864; Evans, GA 30809-1864; Steve Longcrier; (706) 868-8403
- Columbia County Historical Society, P.O. Box 203, Appling 30802
- Grovetown Museum, PO Box 120; Grovetown, GA 30813-0120; Mary A. Navarro; (706) 868-6338.
- Columbia County, Georgia Message Boards (boards.ancestry.com) read and post messages about your ancestors in Columbia County
- Columbia County, Georgia Genealogy Forum (genforum.genealogy.com) read and post messages with other genealogy researchers for Columbia County
Columbia County Courthouse and Government Records
Researchers frequently overlook the importance of Columbia County court, probate, and land records as a useful resource of genealogy and family history.
The chances are great that your ancestors and forefathers have left a comprehensive record of at least some aspects of their lives in the Columbia County court records. Even if your ancestors is not mentioned in a Court case, consider all of the other methods which often can have lead to him or her appearing in court records.
I highly recommend you speak to the clerk's department to validate hours, mailing address, fees and other specifics prior to visiting or asking for information because of sometimes changing contact information. The Department Offices DO NOT DO RESEARCH. The files are readily available to interested parties, barring confidential issues. Many employees will guide men and women in obtaining the resources, however it's up to the person to do the basic research.
The following county facts denotes the earliest date and what birth, marriage, death, land, wills, and legal records will be in Columbia County.
- Columbia County Courthouse (all departments listed below are located here, unless otherwise noted)
- Columbia County Clerk of Superior Court has jurisdiction over cases for title to land and equity, felony cases, adoptions, divorces, , child support and custody enforcement. The clerk also is tasked with recording deeds and maintaining the chain of title to all property in the county.
- Address: 640 Ronald Reagan Dr, Evans, GA 30809
- Phone: (706) 312-7139
- Land Records: 1790
- Court Records: 1790
- Columbia County Clerk of Probate Court responsibilities include legal proceedings forh Wills, Estates, Guardianships of minor children, Involuntary Committals Hearings, Issuance of Marriage License, ect.. The county probate judge's office is the office where the most valuable genealogical records are created and maintained in the state of Georgia.
- Address: 640 Ronald Reagan Drive, Evans, GA 30809
- Phone: (706) 312-7254
- Marriage Records: 1787
- Probate Records: 1790
- Georgia Department of Health has copies for copies of birth and death records since Jan 1919, copies of marriage since June 9, 1952 to 1996 and a Divorce records index since June 9, 1952. There is a fee for each copy requested. Please refer to the information to the Statewide Vital Records in Georgia for current fees and application process.
Columbia County Genealogy Links
The following links to Genealogy Resources associated to Columbia County. These links fall into 3 categories: Business Sites, Personal Sites or Organization Sites. Some have free access some have to have a cost. This is basically a list that has been gathered or submitted. I do not recommend or promote one genealogy site above another. Feel free to submit your own most liked Columbia County genealogy or family history related sites.
Facts for Columbia Co. GA Books, Newspapers & Publications
Facts for Columbia Co. GA Birth, Marriage & Death Records
Facts for Columbia Co. GA Court, Probate Land and Tax Records
Facts for Columbia Co. GA Census Records
Facts for Columbia Co. GA Cemeteries & Church Records
Facts for Columbia Co. GA Family Websites, Pictures & Histories
Facts for Columbia Co. GA General and History Websites
Facts for Columbia Co. GA Maps, Atlases & Gazetteers
Facts for Columbia Co. GA Military Records