Madison County, Florida Facts
Madison County, Florida ancestry and genealogy research page. Uncover links to record collections, history, and genealogy sources to aid you find your Madison Co., ancestors. Get started by building a Free Family Tree.
Madison County Facts
- Government Website: www.madisoncountyfl.com/
- Created Date / Origin: December 26, 1827 from Jefferson County
- County Seat: Madison
- Named After: James Madison (1751–1836), fourth President of the United States
- Bordering Counties: Brooks County, GA (north), Lowndes County, GA (northeast), Hamilton County (east), Suwannee County (southeast), Lafayette County (southeast), Taylor County (southwest), Jefferson County (west)
- Incorporated Cities and Towns include: Greenville, Lee, Madison
- Historical Events (published in 1944):
- This region did not have permanent white settlers until the 1820s, though Spanish explorers visited it and missions were established during the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries.
- There was considerable conflict here during the Seminole wars and much suffering during the reconstruction period.
- In 1880 at Madison, the county seat, the largest sea island cotton gin in Florida was established and it became the greatest sea island cotton market in the world, but declined when the boll weevil reached Florida.
- About 1685 what later came to be known as "Old Spanish Road" was built through this area.
- January 3, 1861, John C. McGehee of Madison County was made president of the Secession Convention.
Madison County Societies and Family History Resources
A list of Madison County Historical and Genealogical Societies, Forums, Message Boards, Libraries, Archives.
Madison County Courthouse and Government Records
Researchers often fail to notice the importance of Madison County court, probate, and land documents as a source of family history and genealogy information and facts. Hidden away in Florida courthouses and archives everywhere tend to be the desires and worries of the many Florida residents.
The chances are great that your chosen ancestors have left a detailed record of at least a number of factors of their lives in the Madison County court records. Even if your forefathers is not referred to in a Court case, take into consideration all of the other methods which could have lead to her or him to appear in court records.
Make sure you call the clerk's department to confirm hours, mailing address, fees and other details before visiting or inquiring about information because of in some cases changing contact details. The Department Offices DO NOT DO RESEARCH. The records are available to interested parties, barring confidential issues. A lot of employees will assist individuals in obtaining the materials, but it is up to the person to undertake the researching.
The following indicates what vital, land, probate, and court records are in Madison county. The date listed for each category of record is usually the earliest registration filed. The earliest date does not indicate that there are numerous records for that year and does not mean that all such events were actually registered. Courthouse burned in 1876 and was replaced by one built in 1880 of brick. This building burned as well, in 1912, and was replaced in 1913 by the present courthouse.
- Madison County Courthouse (all departments listed below are located here, unless otherwise noted)
- Address: P.O. Box 237, Madison, FL 32341-0237 or 125 SW Range Avenue, Madison, FL 32340
- Madison County Clerk of the Circuit Court / County Clerk is custodian of all records of all predecessor courts, whether justice of the peace, city, county, probate, civil, or criminal.
- Phone: (850) 973-1500 or (850) 973-8000
- Marriage Records: 1831
- Land Records: 1831
- Probate Records: 1846
- Court Records: 1838
- Madison County Tax Collector collects all real estate taxes including postponed and delinquent, all county revenues in addition to the research and issue tax deed applications. Our department is the holder of tax records and assessed values.
- Florida Office of Vital Records has copies of Birth & Deaths reported 1917 to present and Divorce & Marriages since June 6, 1927. There is a fee for each copy requested. Please refer to the information to the Statewide Vital Records in Florida for current fees and application process.
Madison County Links
The following are links to Family history and genealogy, Records and Resources relevant to Madison County. A lot of these genealogy links fall into 3 categories: Business oriented Sites, Private Sites or Organization Sites. Some have free access some require a fee. This is just a directory which has been collected or submitted. I do not endorse or promote one genealogy site over another. Feel free to submit your own preferred Madison County genealogy or family history affiliated sites.
Madison Co. FL Books, Newspapers & Publications
Madison Co. FL Birth, Marriage & Death Records
Madison Co. FL Court, Probate Land and Tax Records
Madison Co. FL Census Records
Madison Co. FL Cemeteries & Graveyards
Madison Co. FL Church & Bible Records
Madison Co. FL Family Websites, Pictures & Histories
Madison Co. FL General and History Websites
Madison Co. FL Immigration & Naturalization
Madison Co. FL Maps, Atlases & Gazetteers
Madison Co. FL Military Records
- Florida Military Records (fold3.com) will provide easy access to military records, stories, photos, and personal documents belonging to the Florida women and men which served. Suitable for Madison County genealogists, researchers, historians plus much more.
Madison Co. FL Schools & Directories