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The State of Florida was a disputed possession of England, France, and Spain and falls neatly into the following periods: 1513, discovery; 1565-1763, first Spanish colonial period; 1763-83, British colonial period; 1784-1821, second Spanish period; 1821-45, U.S. territorial period: and 1845, statehood as the twenty-seventh state. See also Florida History Page for more Details
The State of Florida was organized as territory on March 30, 1821 and entered the union as the 27th state on March 3, 1845. It has 67 Counties. Four original counties were created in September 1864: Yavapai being the first of the four, followed by Mohave, Yuma, and Pima. The capital is Tallahassee and the official state website is http://www.flgov.com/.
The State of Florida is bordered by Georgia and Alabama (north, northwest). It has a land area of 65,758 square miles making it the 22nd largest state. The 2010 population was 18,801,310 and the largest cities (2010) are Jacksonville, 821,784; Miami, 399,457; Tampa, 335,709; St. Petersburg, 244,769; Orlando, 238,300; Hialeah, 224,669; Tallahassee, 181,376; Fort Lauderdale, 165,521; Port Saint Lucie, 164,603; Pembroke Pines, 154,750.
The State of Floridai was first seen by the Spanish explorer Ponce de Leon. He called the region La Florida, roughly translated as Land of the Flowers, when he visited it in 1513. It is thought that he chose this name because he was impressed by the many colorful flowers of the region and because he sighted it on Easter, which is called Pascua Florida in Spanish. The State Nickname is " The Sunshine State ". The State Motto is " In God we trust ".