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In 1609, a Dutch explorer named Henry Hudson discovered Delaware. In 1610, Delaware was named by Captain Samuel Argall. He named it after Thomas West, Baron De La Warr, who was the governor of the colony at the time. In 1631, the Dutch attempt to settle the region failed.
Then, in 1638, New Sweden was founded by the Swedish where Wilmington now stands. However, Peter Stuyvesant, governor of New Netherlands, led troops that took it over in 1655. In 1664, the area again changed hands when William Penn took over the Lower Three Counties in 1682 for Great Britain. Delaware fought as a state during the Revolutionary War. See also Delaware History Page for more Details
Then, in 1787, it was the very first state to ratify the United States Constitution. Delaware was considered to be a slave state when the Civil War was fought. However, unlike several other slave states, it didn't officially secede from the United States during the conflict.
The State of Delaware is bordered by Maryland (west), New Jersey (northeast), Pennsylvania (north). It has a land area of 1,954 square miles making it the 49th largest state. The largest cities (2010) are Wilmington, 70,851; Dover (Capital), 36,047; Newark, 31,454; Middletown, 18,871; Smyrna, 10,023; Milford, 9,559; Seaford, 6,928; Georgetown, 6,422; Elsmere, 6,131; New Castle, 5,285.
Delaware name is derived from the name of Thomas West, 3rd Baron De La Warr, Virginia’s first colonial governor. Its nickname is " First State " (this is because on Dec. 7, 1787, Delaware was the first of the 12 US states to ratify the new US Constitution). The State Motto is " Liberty and Independence "